Word Form


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Word Form

 

a word operating in a particular grammatical form. For example, gorodóv (“of the cities”) is the word form of the genitive plural of the noun gorod (“city”). Any grammatical paradigm of a word constitutes the system of its word forms, and in actual utterances any word subject to inflection appears in a specific word form.

In Soviet linguistics, the theory of the word form was developed by A. I. Smirnitskii, who elaborated the views of F. F. Fortunatov, A. M. Peshkovskii, and V. A. Bogoroditskii. Smirnitskii distinguished three aspects in the structure of a word form: the individualizing (lexical) aspect, which is expressed by the word’s root, the class (specifically grammatical) aspect, and the strictly formal aspect (the actual grammatical form). An example of the class and formal aspects is the inflectional ending of the word form gorodov.


Word Form

 

(1) The aggregate of the morphological and phonological markers of a word that determine its grammatical meaning. For example, the morphemes of the Russian word uchitel’nitsa (uchi-tel’-nits-a, “teacher”) indicate that it is a singular feminine noun in the nominative case. In the Afar language of Ethiopia, the phonological characteristics of the word fak indicate that it is an imperative second person singular verb form, since that is the only grammatical form which ends in a consonant. The concept of word form originated as part of the formal morphological approach to language developed by F. F. Fortunatov. To Fortunatov, word form was a word’s divisibility into morphemes that permits the word’s grammatical meaning to be determined.

(2) A word in particular grammatical form. For example, the Russian stolu is the dative singular form of the noun stol (“table”).

References in periodicals archive ?
Unless specified otherwise, all frequency counts here relate to specific word forms, rather than lemmas.
The visual word form area does not care how the word sounds, just how the letters of the word look together," he says.
Understanding the language of dentistry requires knowledge of word forms and how they are put together.
A high value on this dimension means that the overall structure of the input word form is familiar, irrespectively of whether it is more or less difficult to recall.
So neural terrain built for object and face recognition was probably recruited for the visual word form area as people learned to discern letters and letter arrangements in words, Dehaene says.
D) Cross-referential adnominal-person marking on the two sets of word forms will be inspected for argument reference, whereas possessor indexing indicating anything other than P-argument reference has previously been cited as a criterion by which to distinguish Om non-finites from infinitives, (cf.
One disadvantage of including all word forms in the dictionary is that it increases the size of the dictionary and results in multiple pages of words beginning with the same prefix.
This simple Word form has saved me the dreaded task of having to copy a long list of medications by hand onto the admission form.
In fact, ordering the 150,000 distinct word forms in the Index Thomisticus by their frequency, we discover that the 80 most frequent words make up 41% of the corpus, and the 800 most frequent make up 68%.
Figure 7 displays for each age group the mean value of the number of cases for which the children explained the whole test item or just the second part of the word form, respectively.
Three word-finding strategies were used: (a) metalinguistic reinforcement of the target word's segmental word form (syllable dividing), (b) linking of the target word or syllable to a phonemic neighbor, and (c) rehearsal of target words.
html), with examples of how to form a query, using word forms, controlling proximity, interpreting the results, viewing matching information, finding similar documents and viewing parent documents.