Word Form


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Word Form

 

a word operating in a particular grammatical form. For example, gorodóv (“of the cities”) is the word form of the genitive plural of the noun gorod (“city”). Any grammatical paradigm of a word constitutes the system of its word forms, and in actual utterances any word subject to inflection appears in a specific word form.

In Soviet linguistics, the theory of the word form was developed by A. I. Smirnitskii, who elaborated the views of F. F. Fortunatov, A. M. Peshkovskii, and V. A. Bogoroditskii. Smirnitskii distinguished three aspects in the structure of a word form: the individualizing (lexical) aspect, which is expressed by the word’s root, the class (specifically grammatical) aspect, and the strictly formal aspect (the actual grammatical form). An example of the class and formal aspects is the inflectional ending of the word form gorodov.


Word Form

 

(1) The aggregate of the morphological and phonological markers of a word that determine its grammatical meaning. For example, the morphemes of the Russian word uchitel’nitsa (uchi-tel’-nits-a, “teacher”) indicate that it is a singular feminine noun in the nominative case. In the Afar language of Ethiopia, the phonological characteristics of the word fak indicate that it is an imperative second person singular verb form, since that is the only grammatical form which ends in a consonant. The concept of word form originated as part of the formal morphological approach to language developed by F. F. Fortunatov. To Fortunatov, word form was a word’s divisibility into morphemes that permits the word’s grammatical meaning to be determined.

(2) A word in particular grammatical form. For example, the Russian stolu is the dative singular form of the noun stol (“table”).

References in periodicals archive ?
Unless specified otherwise, all frequency counts here relate to specific word forms, rather than lemmas.
The visual word form area does not care how the word sounds, just how the letters of the word look together," he says.
Understanding the language of dentistry requires knowledge of word forms and how they are put together.
So neural terrain built for object and face recognition was probably recruited for the visual word form area as people learned to discern letters and letter arrangements in words, Dehaene says.
D) Cross-referential adnominal-person marking on the two sets of word forms will be inspected for argument reference, whereas possessor indexing indicating anything other than P-argument reference has previously been cited as a criterion by which to distinguish Om non-finites from infinitives, (cf.
We explore and formulate derivational rules (D-rules) allowing one to generate automatically as many word forms as possible in the three languages in focus (English, Czech and Zulu) and to assign meaning to the output of these rules.
The chi-square test proves that there is a significant correlation between age group and multilexemic verb-based word form (p = 0.
It's news to me and until I have official word form the Football Association of Wales it would be foolish of me to comment,'' said Jenkins, who won the last of his 16 caps two years ago.
Text units can be set at the word, line (useful in poetry analysis), sentence, or paragraph level, and if the document is formatted properly, NVivo can provide useful statistics like individual word token counts, individual word form counts, and percentage occurrence of the individual word form or word token within the document.
The Gewobag printed mass mailings to their business partners mainly from an SAP application, occasionally Word form letters in PDF format.
So why not capitalise on that moment of pleasure by having a bottle opener fashioning onomatopoeically to capture in word form the very sound of that divine eruption of carbonated fizz?
Nevertheless, study coauthor Laurent Cohen showed previously in sighted readers that a very specific part of the brain, known as the visual word form area or VWFA for short, has been co-opted for this purpose.