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a sheet of paper containing exercises to be completed by a pupil or student
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005


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Software that simulates a paper spreadsheet (worksheet), in which columns of numbers are summed for budgets and plans. It appears on screen as a matrix of rows and columns, the intersections of which are called "cells." The cells are filled with (1) labels, (2) numeric values or (3) formulas.

Labels are descriptive text such as "Rent" and "Gross Sales." Values are the actual numeric data, and formulas command the spreadsheet to do the calculations; for example, SUM CELLS A5 TO A10.

Labels, Values and Formulas
In this Microsoft Excel example, the labels are in cells A1, A2 and A3, and numeric values are in B1 and B2. The formula in B3 is "subtract B2 from B1." In Excel, typing the equals sign starts the formula creation.

The Formulas
Formulas are the spreadsheet's magic, and they are easy to create. You click a cell and then press the key (+, -, etc.) of the arithmetic operation that affects it. For example, the creation of a formula might be "the contents of this cell PLUS the contents of this cell DIVIDED BY the contents of this cell."

The Ripple Effect
After numbers are added or changed, the formulas recalculate the data automatically or with the press of a key. Since the contents of any cell can be calculated with or copied to any other cell, a total of one column can be used as a detail item in another column. For example, the total from a column of expense items can be carried over to a summary column showing all expenses. If the contents of a cell in the detail column changes, its column total changes, which is then copied to the summary column, and the summary total changes.

What If?
The ripple effect lets you create a plan, plug in different assumptions and immediately see the impact on the bottom line. This "what if?" capability makes the spreadsheet indispensable for budgets, plans and other equation-based tasks.

It Started with VisiCalc
One of the major forces behind the personal computer revolution in the 1980s, the spreadsheet originated with VisiCalc in 1978 for the Apple II, followed by SuperCalc, Multiplan, Lotus 1-2-3 and others. See VisiCalc, OLAP, analytical database engine and XL abc's.
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References in periodicals archive ?
The company has also found productivity has increased, Layla said: "They're always coming up with new ideas to help us, for example, we've started doing work sheets for specific jobs.
STUDENT WORK SHEET: The work sheet on the reverse side gives students an opportunity to take what they learned from the article and apply it to a real-life peer-pressure situation they might face.
Included in the work sheet was the specialty of (CBS) in the central supervision of the affairs of all civil employees under the provisions of this law in governmental agencies, and in giving consultations to those agencies and their administrative control.
The reader will need to focus and complete the exercise on the work sheet after the reading.
Small, less complex companies typically determine business interruption limits by using a business income work sheet. The current ISO work sheet is discussed at the end of this chapter.
Then, students used this narrative to complete a work sheet in which they chose six aspects of their desired future self and then described the barriers they perceived or concerns they had when they envisioned fulfilling each of these aspects.
Amy's mother, Veronica, said: "The work sheet had 15 drawings.
Table 1 is a copy of a computer work sheet programmed to do the necessary calculations from the data of the original GR&R study of compactibility.
In addition, upon request, the Department of Finance will provide the assessor's work sheet for an individual property.
A blank work sheet can also be printed for the next month's data.
Time Required: One 40-minute class period (includes one work sheet).