Ltd, China) as working electrode
and a saturated calomel electrode (model: 217; Shanghai precision scientific instrument Co.
The main part of the SECM is the ultramicroelectrode (UME), with a diameter in the micrometer range, it is usually used as a moving working electrode
in an electrochemical cell (Bard, Mirkin 2001).
DSSC technology was first developed by O-Regan and Gratzel in 1991 and there are three main components which are the working electrode
(photoanode), the Electrolyte system (I3-/I-) and the counter electrode (CE) [11-12].
They used cyclic voltammograms, in which working electrode
potential is ramped linearly against time, to demonstrate electrochemical properties of hemin.
Py/NptPy-TTAB copolymer modified glassy carbon disc electrode (GCE) was used as working electrode
, platinum wire and Ag/AgCl electrodes were used as counter and reference electrodes, respectively.
The SPR acted as the working electrode
, a platinum mesh as the counter electrode, and a saturated calomel electrode (SCE) was used as the reference electrode.
was a graphite bar with a O content 5.
After polymerization process, the working electrode
was immediately removed from the electrolyte and rinsed with distilled water, ethanol, and then dried in cold air.
Then, when the strip is inserted into a meter, the battery-powered device polarizes the strip's working electrode
The working electrode
was cleaned electrochemically in 1.
The carbon paste electrode, modified with immobilized laccase, was the working electrode
Disposable SPCE (DRP110) consisting of carbon ink based working electrode
(4 mm diameter), a carbon counter electrode, and an Ag reference electrode was purchased from DropSens Inc.