world system

world system

compared with manual workers, even where their market situation is no better or may even be worse. See MULTIDIMENSIONAL ANALYSIS OF SOCIAL STRATIFICATION, CLASS, STATUS AND PARTY, AFFLUENT WORKER, CLASS IMAGERY.
World systemclick for a larger image
Fig. 35 World system. Wallerstein's ‘world-system’ model in terms of a three-fold division of nation states each internally divided into a three-fold class system is atodds w/ith either conventional theories of modernization or Marxian theories of social transformation and revolution. For Wallerstein, divisions betw/een nations and between classes are interrelated aspects of the dynamics of the w/orld system unlikely to change in the short term. There can be mobility by nations, or by individuals w/ithin classes, but the overall pattern of the system in terms of the above 3 x 3 model is likely to remain.

world system

a conception of the modern social world which views it as comprising one interlinked entity with an international division of labour unregulated by any one political structure. The perspective was developed by WALLERSTEIN and has given rise to a large body of work, especially in the US. The key concepts are that the capitalist world is divided into CENTRE AND PERIPHERY and semi-periphery, with Northern Europe since the 16th-century and later the US, dominating world trade. The centre countries were those that developed strong nation states and a proletarianized free labour force. The peripheral countries, comprising most of the THIRD WORLD, had various forms of unfree labour, contemporarily low levels of proletarianization, with household organization of production and weak nation states. This provides a view of structure and change which challenges both conventional MARXIST and MODERNIZATION approaches and has affinities with DEPENDENCY THEORY. See Fig. 35. See also UNDERDEVELOPMENT, GLOBALIZATION.
Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000
References in periodicals archive ?
Scholars of politics, art, literature, and sociology show how Leon Trotsky's concepts of the production of dynamic interdependence between advanced and backward regions within a singular world system, the anti-linear compression of distinct temporal states in a single spatial location, and the consequent privileging of temporal and economic backwardness as a driver of transformation have led to the concept of uneven and combined development within the field of international relations.
Minister said that government has taken very difficult decisions as usually change is not liked and destruction also occurrs with this, however we want to go side by side with the world system.
Terrorism is a response to the structure of the world system, a response to the global inequality that exists between nations, the only solution that will have any significant impact on the reduction and control of terrorism are those that restructure the world; that is policies that eliminate cross-national inequality and existing patterns of exploitation that extend from the core to the peripheral nations of the world.
Justice Minister Mostafa Pur-Mohammadi said Sunday that Iran is one of the most powerful actors on the global stage, citing the inking of the nuclear deal with the great powers and the country's firm defiance of the hegemonic world system.
Third, it seeks to raise the possibility of a liberatory discourse on the intersection of power, epistemology, methodology and ideology in the hope that new epistemic lenses will be found and applied in order to achieve a better understanding of world realities, including realities on the periphery of the world system.
We then review the degree to which dominant modernization and Modern World System (MWS) theories account for differences among these categories.
The delegation was invited to be briefed on the latest developments of all sports programs, he said, noting the five-day trip is a step towards integration into the world system of sports.
This situation has been analyzed in light of world system theory.
The postmodern era, he argues, is this moment, and the act of imagining the impossible might prepare us for discovering radical alternatives to the capitalist world system.
The focus of scholarship should be the world system, he argues, because the incentives for rise and decline are global in nature, and local processes are rarely determinative.
The great depression signalized that the global world system in the power of the European colonial powers ended.

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