Worms


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Worms

(vôrms), city (1994 pop. 79,155), Rhineland-Palatinate, SW Germany, on the Rhine River. It is an industrial city and a leading wine trade center. Manufactures include leather goods, textiles, electrical appliances, paints, ceramics, chemicals, and machinery. One of the most venerable historic centers of Europe, Worms was originally a Celtic settlement called Borbetomagus. It was captured and fortified by the Romans under Drusus in 14 B.C. and was known as Civitas Vangionum. It became the capital of the first kingdom of Burgundy in the 5th cent.; much of the Nibelungenlied is set in Worms at the Burgundian court. The city was an early episcopal see, and its bishops ruled some territory on the right bank of the Rhine as princes of the Holy Roman Empire until 1803, when the bishopric was secularized and passed to Hesse-Darmstadt. The city itself, however, early escaped episcopal control; in 1156, it was created a free imperial city. Numerous important meetings, including about 100 imperial diets, were held there. The best known of these meetings were the episcopal synod of 1076, which declared Pope Gregory VII deposed; the conference that led in 1122 to the Concordat of Worms; the diet of 1495 (see Maximilian IMaximilian I,
1459–1519, Holy Roman emperor and German king (1493–1519), son and successor of Holy Roman Emperor Frederick III. As emperor, he aspired to restore forceful imperial leadership and inaugurate much-needed administrative reforms in the increasingly
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, emperor); and the diet of 1521 (see Worms, Diet ofWorms, Diet of,
1521, most famous of the imperial diets held at Worms, Germany. It was opened in Jan., 1521, by Holy Roman Emperor Charles V. After disposing of other business, notably the question of the Reichsregiment, the diet took up the question of the recalcitrant behavior
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). The City suffered heavy damage in the Thirty Years War (1618–48). It was annexed by France in 1797 and passed to Hesse-Darmstadt at the Congress of Vienna (1814–15). Worms was occupied (1918–30) by French troops after World War I. The city was more than half destroyed in World War II, but was reconstructed after 1945. Worms had one of the oldest Jewish settlements in Germany. Its Romanesque-Gothic synagogue, founded in 1034, was destroyed by the Nazis in 1938 but was rebuilt after the war and reopened in 1961. Of note is the city's Romanesque cathedral (11th–12th cent.). Near Worms is the Liebfrauenkirche (13th–15th cent.), a church surrounded by vineyards, which gave its name to the area's noted white wine, Liebfraumilch.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Worms

 

a city in the Federal Republic of Germany in the Land (state) of Rhineland-Palatinate, a port on the left bank of the Rhine. Population, 63,000 (1969). The city has machine-building, metalworking, leather, textile, chemical (plastics), food, and furniture industries. It is a wine market. There is a pedagogical academy in the city.

Worms is one of the oldest German cities. It was a Celtic settlement by the name of Borbetomagus and a fortified camp under the Romans. In the fifth century it was a center of the first kingdom of the Burgundians. In the Middle Ages, Worms was at first an episcopal see and then a free imperial city. Many medieval diets were held in Worms. In 1689 the city suffered great destruction from French troops. From 1797 until 1813 it belonged to France, and after World War II it was in the French occupation zone of Germany (until 1949).

There are several Romanesque churches in Worms, including the “imperial” cathedral of St. Peter (built primarily between 1170 and 1240), which has a basilica with two choirs, a transept, and six towers covered by cruciform ribbed vaulting and is ornamented with blind arcatures, “dwarf arched galleries, and relief carvings.

REFERENCE

Illert, F. M. Worms im wechselnden Spiel der Jahrtausende. Worms, 1958.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

worms

any disease or disorder, usually of the intestine, characterized by infestation with parasitic worms

Worms

a city in SW Germany, in Rhineland-Palatinate on the Rhine: famous as the seat of imperial diets, notably that of 1521, before which Luther defended his doctrines in the presence of Charles V; river port and manufacturing centre with a large wine trade. Pop.: 81 100 (2003 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
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