Stachys

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Stachys

 

(woundwort), a genus of annual and perennial herbs or subshrubs of the family Labiatae. The leaves are opposite and entire. The usually pink, purple, white, or yellow flowers are in false whorls that form spicate inflorescences. The corolla has a flat or helmet-shaped upper lip. The fruit consists of four nutlike lobes.

There are about 300 species of woundwort, distributed in the temperate and subtropical zones of both hemispheres and in the mountains of the tropics. The USSR has about 55 species. The marsh woundwort (S. palustris) and the annual woundwort (S. annua) are weeds of fields, gardens, and fallow lands. The former occurs along bodies of water and in wet meadows, swamps, and marshy forests. The annual woundwort grows on dry slopes, along embankments, and in precipices and wastelands. It is poisonous to horses, as is the species 5. recta, which grows wild on steppe and rocky slopes. The hedge nettle (S. sylvatica) grows in shady broad-leaved and mixed forests, amid underbrush, in ravines, and in damp meadows.

The Chinese, or Japanese, artichoke (S. sieboldii) is widespread in China and Japan. It is cultivated as a vegetable in East Asia and in some countries of Europe and the Americas; the tuberous formations on the roots are eaten boiled, fried, or pickled. Many species of Stachys yield a substantial amount of nectar. The woolly betony (S. byzantina, formerly S. lanata) is cultivated as an ornamental.

References in periodicals archive ?
Wetland species such as celery-leaved buttercup (Ranunculus sceleratus) and marsh woundwort (Stachys palustris) occur and some seeds of nutrient rich habitants such as nettle (Urtica dioica) and fat hen (Chenopodium album) were also found.
The 'wort' part of a plant's name indicates that is was once well-known for its medicinal qualities - plants such as woundwort, milkwort, and nipplewort, for example.
Hazel, Fiver, Bigwig, Pipkin and Duchess face a fierce battle with General Woundwort when they set up their new home in Watership Down.
THE daffodil may be forever associated with Wales but what of the humble limestone woundwort or whorled caraway?
The area, which became an inspiration for the artist Turner and was a favourite getaway destination for Lord Nelson, is home to rare and interesting plants such as water mint, flowering rush, and marsh woundwort, which are vital to the river's eco system, which are now dying out.
Bryn Griffiths said corn spurrey - spergula arvensis - and field woundwort - stachys arvensis - were seen in the majority of the fields as in the 2005 survey, while a few other notable species were also seen at some sites.