mount

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mount

1
1. a horse for riding
2. a slide used in microscopy
3. Philately
a. a small transparent pocket in an album for a postage stamp
b. another word for hinge

mount

2
1. a mountain or hill: used in literature and (when cap.) in proper names
2. (in palmistry) any of the seven cushions of flesh on the palm of the hand
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

mount

[mau̇nt]
(electromagnetism)
The flange or other means by which a switching tube, or tube and cavity, is connected to a waveguide.
(engineering)
Structure supporting any apparatus, as a gun, searchlight, telescope, or surveying instrument.
To fasten an apparatus in position, such as a gun on its support.
(ordnance)
To equip; to put into operation; to go into operation, as to mount an offensive.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

mount

(file system)
To make a file system available for access.

Unix does this by associating the file system with a directory (the "mount point") within a currently mounted file system. The "root" file system is mounted on the root directory, "/" early in the boot sequence. "mount" is also the Unix command to do this, "unmount" breaks the association.

E.g., "mount attaches a named file system to the file system hierarchy at the pathname location directory [...]" -- Unix manual page mount(8).

File systems are usually mounted either at boot time under control of /etc/rc (or one of its subfiles) or on demand by an automounter daemon.

Other operating systems such as VMS and DOS mount file systems as separate directory hierarchies without any common ancestor or root directory.

Apparently derived from the physical sense of "mount" meaning "attach", as in "head-mounted display", or "set up", as in "always mount a scratch monkey, etc."

Unix manual page: mount(8).
This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (foldoc.org)

mount

(1) The process of making a hard disk or optical disc accessible to the operating system by establishing the pointers to the indexes on the medium. This is an automatic function performed by the operating system when it first finds new drives or media connected to the computer.

(2) To cause a file on a remote workstation or server to be available for access locally. For example, in NFS (Network File System), a server maintains a list of its directories that are available to clients. When a client mounts a directory on the server, that directory and its subdirectories become part of the client's directory hierarchy. See automounting.
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