xerophyte


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xerophyte

[′zir·ə‚fīt]
(ecology)
A plant adapted to life in areas where the water supply is limited.
References in periodicals archive ?
It usually went like this: The class was given a question, say, in the science (botany) test -- 'Write three sentences about Xerophytes.' Now, a pupil, especially one who's crammed like mad overnight, can reel off not just three sentences, but an entire chapter on xerophytes.
Our new biodiversinesque approach will be influenced by the 19th and 20th century public park movement and new approaches such as: xerophyte gardens, plant signatures, wildlife gardens, pictorial meadows and naturalistic plantings.
Klotz (1977) somewhat whimsically wonders whether or not we should consider Nypa as a xerophyte because it grows along estuaries which may vary in saltiness.
Didymodon acutus is a xerophyte previously known from the Fartak Mountains in Yemen (Kurschner 2008).
The native vegetation of the valleys is represented by a high-elevation deciduous xerophyte forest, mainly characterized by deep-rooted shrubs adapted to a semiarid environment (i.e., Cercidium praecox (Ruiz & Pavon) Harms (Leguminosea), Larrea divaricata Cav (Zygophyllaceae), Acacia caven Molina (Fabaceae) and Prosopis ferox (Griseb.) (Mimosaceae)) (Cabrera 1976).
Morphological traits Blackbrush Xerophyte Sclerophyll Summer dormancy X X Numerous leaves X (X) (X) Evergreen or semi-evergreen X X Thick blade X (X) (X) Small-sized leaves X (X) (X) Tough, leathery (rigid) leaves X (X) X Revolute leaf margin X X Adaxial trichomes X X X Abaxial trichomes X X X Amphistomatry X X Hypostomatry X (X) X Sunken stomata X (X) X Table 2.
de Monmonier (1919-2007): mineral classicist; cycad and xerophyte expert.
Xerophyte.There are a number of these terms ending in `phyte' and in this case the term refers to plants that have modified themselves to cope with very limited amounts of water.
These relatively dry areas usually harbor the xerophyte Polytrichum strictum.
As build-up of peat produced dry hummocks, the xerophyte Polytri chum strictum became abundant.
The word xerophyte may suggest the meaning "zero" or any other wild guess, however, when placed in a sentence, the contextual clues enable one to make an educated guess.