Xerostomia(redirected from xerostoma)
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dryness in the mouth. It is observed in affection of the salivary glands as a result of bilateral neuritis of the facial nerve, pathological processes in the hypothalamic region of the brain, diabetes mellitus, pernicious anemia, pulmonary tuberculosis, diffuse thyrotoxic goiter, and some other diseases. It is found in elderly people and in cases of emaciation resulting from starvation. It is often combined with xerophthalmia and glossalgia. It is manifested by burning in the tongue, gums, lips, and cheeks and difficulty in swallowing food; saliva secretion is decreased or completely absent. Xerostomia is often accompanied by caries. Treatment calls for the removal of the basic disease.