Xerostomia


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Xerostomia

 

dryness in the mouth. It is observed in affection of the salivary glands as a result of bilateral neuritis of the facial nerve, pathological processes in the hypothalamic region of the brain, diabetes mellitus, pernicious anemia, pulmonary tuberculosis, diffuse thyrotoxic goiter, and some other diseases. It is found in elderly people and in cases of emaciation resulting from starvation. It is often combined with xerophthalmia and glossalgia. It is manifested by burning in the tongue, gums, lips, and cheeks and difficulty in swallowing food; saliva secretion is decreased or completely absent. Xerostomia is often accompanied by caries. Treatment calls for the removal of the basic disease.

References in periodicals archive ?
In addition to the diet which during feeding outbreaks is extremely caloric and cariogenic, in some cases, brushing deficiency is also important in the evolution of the caries process due to the sensitivity and presence of xerostomia. (26) Yet, dentin hypersensitivity is characterized by an acute, short-lived and localized pain that originates in the dentin exposed to stimuli that may be chemical or thermal.
Se presenta el caso de un paciente a quien se le fabrico dentaduras completas superior e inferior, que contenian en su interior espacios que se pudieran llenar con de saliva artificial para ayudar a la lubricacion oral de la boca del paciente durante el dia, realizando sus actividades diarias normales, sin la sintomatologia molesta de la xerostomia.
Other diabetes-related oral manifestations include dental caries, candidiasis, xerostomia and glossodynia.8
Nadig et al showed that there was a significant negative correlation between SFRs and Candida counts in patients with xerostomia. [40] In a study done by Torres et al, there was a significant inverse relationship between salivary flow and Candida CFU counts.
No correlation between skin lesions and CRP level (p = 0.9), ESR (p = 01), FS (p = 005), leukocyte count (p = 01), RF titer (p = 03), gamma globulin level (p = 006), severity of xerophthalmia (p = 03), and xerostomia (p = 09), as well as the presence of anti-SSA, anti-SSB, and anti-Ro52 specific antibodies, was observed.
The findings demonstrate that more Parkinson's disease patients than control subjects reported daily oral hygiene care support by a professional or voluntary care provider, as well as chewing problems, biting problems, taste disturbance, tooth mobility, and xerostomia. Objectively, the dentate Parkinson's disease patients had a greater number of teeth with carious lesions, a greater number of tooth root remnants, and a greater amount of biofilm and food, when compared to the dentate control subjects.
In addition to the impact of aging on salivary flow, there is strong evidence that hyposalivation leading to xerostomia is secondary to systemic conditions and the medications used to treat them.
The dose received by the parotid glands (PG) has been proven as having predictive value of xerostomia, doses between 26-39 Gy being correlated to a significant decrease in salivary flow and doses between 60-70 Gy were associated with morphological changes associated with toxic effects irreversibility.
The sensation of dry mouth, or xerostomia, is a common complaint in clinical practice.
In another study of young adults, researchers did indicate a difference between the sexes for xerostomia (19.6% in females and 14.6% in males) [21].
Patents on maintenance HD often complain of thirst (craving for fluids) and/or xerostomia (dry mouth).