y Zabaleta

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Zuloaga (y Zabaleta), Ignacio


Born July 26, 1870, in Eibar, near Bilbao; died Oct. 31, 1945, in Madrid. Spanish painter.

Zuloaga studied in Paris and Rome during the 1890’s. He worked both in Spain and in Paris. Zuloaga followed the traditions of the old Spanish masters and, at the same time, resorted to the grotesque. He emphasized the national character of various ethnic types and the uniqueness of the Spanish landscape. His style, which on the whole is close to art nouveau, is characterized by bold line, a decorative palette, and effective theatricality. Paintings from Zuloaga’s late period show elements of stylization and salon art. Examples of the artist’s works are Naughty Word (1902, private collection, Buenos Aires), The Dwarf Gregory —the Wineskin-maker (1908, Hermitage, Leningrad), and Portrait of I. I. Shchukin (Hermitage).


Lafuente Ferrari, E. La vida y el arte de Ignacio Zuloaga, 2nd ed. [Madrid] 1972.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.