yeoman


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yeoman

(yō`mən), class in English society. The term has always been ill-defined, but generally it means a freeholder of a lower status than gentleman who cultivates his own land. With the breakdown of medieval systems of tenure the numbers of this class increased and formed the basis for a rural middle class. Certain retainers of a fairly high rank in noble households were also called yeomen, and thus the name was given to specific branches of the royal household, e.g., Yeomen of the Horse or Yeomen of the GuardYeomen of the Guard,
bodyguard, now ceremonial in function, of the sovereign of England. When the guard was originated by Henry VII in 1485, its members had numerous duties as defenders of the king's person and household functionaries.
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. The yeoman foot soldiers of the Hundred Years War were the troops most personally in the service of the king. The more modern military use of the term dates from the 18th cent., when voluntary cavalry units called the yeomanry were used to suppress riots. From 1794 they were organized into regiments. Their service in the South African War (1899–1902) earned them the name Imperial Yeomanry, and in 1907 they became a part of the Territorial Army.

yeoman

1. History
a. a member of a class of small freeholders of common birth who cultivated their own land
b. an assistant or other subordinate to an official, such as a sheriff, or to a craftsman or trader
c. an attendant or lesser official in a royal or noble household
2. (in Britain) another name for yeoman of the guard
References in periodicals archive ?
Modern Yeoman Warders are still Extraordinary Members of the Queen's Bodyguard.
The committee had heard evidence during the hearing that Ms Yeoman had removed files and documents from the school which related to the investigation.
Yeoman said: "Our cars pulled up opposite each other at a traffic light on Crescent Heights!
Dr Yeoman, formerly of Cullercoats, was born in Gosforth and moved to Whitley Bay with his family when his father, who was also a doctor, started a practice there.
No stranger to the infamous LA pilot season, when scores of hopeful new shows get consigned to the scrapheap, Chepstow-born Yeoman, 33 clearly remembers downplaying the show's chance of success.
Papers filed to Bristol mercantile court claimed local firm System 2 Security, which is said to have paid Yeoman to monitor the alarms, was responsible.
But the illicit relationship was discovered when suspicious colleagues found incriminating text messages on Yeoman's mobile phone during a school trip.
Readers attuned to gender issues may wish for more attention to the "yeowoman" farmer: Hovis always uses the masculine pronoun when referring to the "yeoman," and his introduction makes no mention of the yeowoman figure or of the fact that men and women were the plain folks who kept farms running.
Two Yeoman Warders at the Tower of London have been dismissed following an investigation into allegations of harassment of the first female Beefeater.
The case against a third Yeoman Warder was not proven.