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zadruga, village community of the South Slavs. The zadruga, a large family or clan organized on a patrilineal basis, lived together in one dwelling and held all land, livestock, and money in common. The oldest able member of the community was usually its ruler, responsible for allotting tasks to the members. This system, which was common to all the South Slavs, existed in Serbia into the 20th cent.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a large patriarchal family among the South Slavs. Until the late 19th century, the zadmga represented “the best existing example of such a family community” (F. Engels, Proiskhozhdenie sem’i, chastnoi sobstvennosti i gosudarstva, 1963, p. 62). The zadmga usually consisted of 20-30 persons (sometimes as many as 50-80)—the sons of a single father with their wives and children—living in one household. Production and consumption were communal. The father was the head of the household (domachin, gospodar\ glavatar’)’, it was he who directed the entire life of the family with the help of his wife (domachitsa, gospodaritsa), who was in charge of the women’s work. In the second half of the 19th century, the development of capitalist relations among the South Slavs facilitated the division of zadmga into individual families; since the early 20th century it has been rare and vestigial.


Kosven, M. O.Semeinaia obshchina i patronimiia. Moscow, 1963.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Yeni kurulan Bulgar Prensliginde Musluman nufus Anadolu'ya goc ettiginden bosalan topraklar koy topluluklari (zadruga) tarafindan istimlak edilmistir.
Heterogeneity in Classes: Cooperative Problem-Solving Activities through Cooperative Learning / Heterogenost u klasama: Zadruga problemski Aktivnosti kroz suradnicko ucenje.
En el caso de Bosnia-Herzegovina, "el centro del regimen patriarcal es la familia extensa, llamada zadruga, una unidad familiar corporativa bajo la cual todas las tenencias, por ejemplo, las propiedades, el ganado y la tierra, son comunales por linea paterna" (Olujic 1998, 33).
Belokonskii, Zemskoe dvizhenie (Moscow: Zadruga, 1914); D.
For teachers and students of European history or more broadly just history, these capsules have the potential to fascinate and appeal to a broad spectrum of tastes: from Altmarkt and Archimedes to Zadruga and Zeus, from Codpiece and Vlad [Tepes] to Rouge and Usury.
Os casamentos eram arranjados de maneira a manter a integridade da zadruga. Klass Woortmann afirma que apesar da influencia crista, esses camponeses continuaram adotando antigas praticas em relacao a sexualidade, tais como, herdar esposas de geracoes anteriores, rejeitar o celibato pos marital, o jus prima nocis, o costume do casamento entre dois irmaos e duas irmas e a troca de irmas (1990, 39).
Women's World, an organ of the Serbian Women's Charitable Cooperative owned by Dobrotvorna Zadruga Srpkinja Novosatkinja (Charitable Cooperative of Serbian Women from Novi Sad), (3) was read by Serbian women from 1886 to 1914.
A few weeks later, the non-governmental organization called "Educational and Cultural Movement from Voden" published the first issue of "Zadruga", the second Macedonian-language newspaper to be published quarterly.