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These are trees in the Rue family, with sharp thorns sticking out of branches and even the trunk. Northern (30ft,10m) and Southern (45ft, 15m) Prickly Ash are examples. Anti-fungal bark is used as a stimulant, to prevent constriction of blood vessels by insulin. Provides magnoflorine for proper blood flow and xanthoxyclin for circulation. Also used for mouth, throat, stomach, pancreas, digestive system, kidneys, gas, cramping, bloating, pain. Berries used as mouthwash for toothache or powdered as toothpaste. Historically used for dysentery, colic, eruptive diseases, and as a nervous system stimulant for paralysis etc. Berries have stronger effect, but bark is more bitter, which is better for digestion, bile, stomach, liver and gallbladder. Constituents and compounds are strong, so take it easy.