zenith angle


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zenith angle

[′zē·nəth ‚aŋ·gəl]
(astronomy)
The angle between the direction to the zenith and the direction of a light ray.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Figure 9 includes all irradiances measured during June, July, and August during three summer seasons from 2015 through 2017 plotted against solar zenith angle [theta] for [theta] [less than or equal to] 60[degrees].
The viewing zenith angle was varied from 1.5[degrees] to 85.5[degrees] in 3[degrees] steps.
(23) Multiple EM particles from zenith angles of 0-20[degrees] were considered as vertical EM showers arriving at a ground surface with an area of 1.1 x 1.8 [m.sup.2].
The view zenith angle was arranged from -60deg to 60deg with an interval of 10deg, where positive angle corresponds to back-to-the-sun, and negative angle corresponds to facing-the-sun.
Using the formulas from (4) to (8) and having h = 1.68 m and d = 13.9 m, we obtain that the zenith angle is intercepted by our setup for [[??].sub.SPIRA] = -6.9[degrees], when the sample is inclined at an angle [beta] = 41.5[degrees].
m = air mass (a pure function of the sun's zenith angle [Kasten and Young 1989])
For example, at zenith angle of 45[degrees], an error in 30 km, distance will be below 1 m due to difference between geodetic and astronomical horizontal coordinates.
Solar radiation is unevenly distributed throughout the world and it shows wide variability with latitude, altitude and season in addition to its dependence on ozone and other factors like solar zenith angle, air pollution, humidity, clouds etc.