The ecliptic circle is divided into twelve equal 30[degrees] portions, and each portion designated as a zodiacal constellation
. The first of these, Aries, is defined to start at the vernal equinox, the point on the sky where the Sun's path crosses the equator in March.
A line drawn from Rigel northeastward through Betelgeuse points to Gemini, the Twins, another fine zodiacal constellation. Gemini's twin heads are established by 1st-magnitude Pollux and 2nd-magnitude Castor.
In the star-poor area between Leo and Gemini crawls the least conspicuous zodiacal constellation: Cancer, the Crab (see page 34).
These texts, as mentioned above, are concerned with human appearance, as well as with man's moral qualities and destiny dependent on the month and zodiacal constellations in which he is born.
The first statement is concerned with a partially visible zodiacal constellation--an occurrence which possibly stands for incompleteness, if MAS-su ("its half") indeed refers to lumasu, the zodiacal constellation. This, in turn, affects the child born at the time of this occurrence, indicating that it will be defective.
I contended that the first quartet of zodiacal constellations
were created to improve the solar calendar.
Or I'll mention that every year the Sun drifts through the 12 common zodiacal constellations lying along its path in the sky (the ecliptic).
However, this point shifts among the zodiacal constellations because of precession.
In "When the Zodiac Climbed into the Sky" (S&T: October 1995, page 28) I demonstrated that the age of the zodiacal constellations
could be determined using this concept; here I propose that the idea can be taken a step further.
It's outside the zodiacal constellations
, a rare occurrence, perched in a corner of Cetus near Pisces according to how the constellation borders are drawn today.
Many radical attempts have been made to rename the zodiacal constellations, including those by various Christian authors who attempted to replace them with figures drawn from sacred history and its interpretation.
We thus conclude that the first zodiacal constellations were established as far back as the middle of the sixth millennium B.C.