plurality


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plurality

1. Maths a number greater than one
2. US and Canadian the excess of votes or seats won by the winner of an election over the runner-up when no candidate or party has more than 50 per cent
3. another word for pluralism (sense 1)

Plurality

 

in the USSR, the simultaneous holding of a second paid job in an enterprise, institution, or organization in addition to the principal job; also, the regular execution of a paid service in addition to a principal job.

Plurality is permitted on a temporary basis in certain cases established by law. It is authorized for medical and pharmaceutical workers and educational workers in schools, specialized secondary schools, and preschool and extracurricular establishments for children. Scientific workers employed at scientific-research institutions and specialists in the national economy may teach on the plurality basis in institutions of higher learning or in institutes for improving the skills of managerial personnel and specialists. Plurality is also authorized for prominent scientists who may work as industrial consultants concerned with the application of scientific and technological advances to production processes and to the solution of technical problems. Professors and instructors in institutions of higher learning are also permitted to work for hourly wages at other educational institutions or to hold staff positions in institutions and departments for improving the skills of managerial personnel and specialists. Nonindustrial workers and employees earning not more than 70 rubles per month at their principal job, industrial workers, and junior service staff are also allowed to hold a second job.

Plurality is permitted only if the two jobs a worker holds are in different places of employment, with a few exceptions. These include medical workers in public health facilities and prophylactic centers, workers in preschool and extracurricular establishments for children, and workers at tourist centers, camping grounds, hotels, and houses of rest. Plurality is sanctioned only with the written authorization of the directors of both places of employment and the agreement of the factory trade union committees and higher regulating organizations of both places of employment. The agreement of these organizations is not necessary in the case of nonindustrial workers and employees earning not more than 70 rubles at their principal job, industrial workers, or junior service staff.

The second job is usually remunerated in proportion to the actual time spent on the job according to the wage scale set for the given occupation; however, remuneration must not exceed one-half of the amount paid to full-time workers. Piece-rate wages earned at a second job are determined by actual production. Employees who work at a second job during their regular work hours are not to be remunerated for the time spent away from their principal job.

Vacation from the second job is granted concurrently with vacation from the principal job. In most cases, this vacation is unpaid, except for nonindustrial workers and employees earning no more than 70 rubles per month from their principal job, industrial workers, and junior service staff. Individuals holding more than one job do not enjoy special benefits from their second job.

A worker may be dismissed from his second job in accordance with the general rules for dismissal set forth by law. He may also be dismissed if the administration replaces him with a worker not engaged at another job or if plurality is not authorized at his principal place of employment. The administration may dismiss a worker from a second job without consulting with the factory trade union committee and without granting the worker severance pay.

References in periodicals archive ?
Meanwhile, Republicans are divided on profiling, and a slight plurality deny that growing discrimination has been a problem.
Plurality decisions as incompletely theorized agreements
Duterte won just by a plurality vote, his victory was a landslide, owing to his lead over the second placer.
Plurality voting is extremely sensitive to vote splitting.
Mr Mathias said: "This isn't anything like as much plurality as we would like to see, as any democratic country would like to see.
The plurality relied on Coalition for Economic Equity v.
The republic's political system is based on political plurality aimed at a peaceful transition of power through a civil democratic system and free and fair elections.
Looking in turn at correlations between different types of quantification and at the expressions of plurality, they consider such topics as reduplication in languages, individuating classifiers in Early Southern Min from the 14th to the 19th centuries, plurality and the subclassification of nouns in classical Chinese, plurality in the pronominal paradigms of Bai dialects, and quantificational structures in three-year-old Chinese-speaking children.
While only 5% of directors who win a majority of withhold votes step down, at companies with a plurality plus resignation standard, 8% step down, and at companies with a majority voting standard, half step down.
Labour leader Ed Miliband calls for greater media plurality (Leveson)
IN RECENT PROXY SEASONS, shareholders have successfully campaigned at many public companies to institute majority voting for the election of directors as a replacement for plurality voting.