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in the USSR, the simultaneous holding of a second paid job in an enterprise, institution, or organization in addition to the principal job; also, the regular execution of a paid service in addition to a principal job.
Plurality is permitted on a temporary basis in certain cases established by law. It is authorized for medical and pharmaceutical workers and educational workers in schools, specialized secondary schools, and preschool and extracurricular establishments for children. Scientific workers employed at scientific-research institutions and specialists in the national economy may teach on the plurality basis in institutions of higher learning or in institutes for improving the skills of managerial personnel and specialists. Plurality is also authorized for prominent scientists who may work as industrial consultants concerned with the application of scientific and technological advances to production processes and to the solution of technical problems. Professors and instructors in institutions of higher learning are also permitted to work for hourly wages at other educational institutions or to hold staff positions in institutions and departments for improving the skills of managerial personnel and specialists. Nonindustrial workers and employees earning not more than 70 rubles per month at their principal job, industrial workers, and junior service staff are also allowed to hold a second job.
Plurality is permitted only if the two jobs a worker holds are in different places of employment, with a few exceptions. These include medical workers in public health facilities and prophylactic centers, workers in preschool and extracurricular establishments for children, and workers at tourist centers, camping grounds, hotels, and houses of rest. Plurality is sanctioned only with the written authorization of the directors of both places of employment and the agreement of the factory trade union committees and higher regulating organizations of both places of employment. The agreement of these organizations is not necessary in the case of nonindustrial workers and employees earning not more than 70 rubles at their principal job, industrial workers, or junior service staff.
The second job is usually remunerated in proportion to the actual time spent on the job according to the wage scale set for the given occupation; however, remuneration must not exceed one-half of the amount paid to full-time workers. Piece-rate wages earned at a second job are determined by actual production. Employees who work at a second job during their regular work hours are not to be remunerated for the time spent away from their principal job.
Vacation from the second job is granted concurrently with vacation from the principal job. In most cases, this vacation is unpaid, except for nonindustrial workers and employees earning no more than 70 rubles per month from their principal job, industrial workers, and junior service staff. Individuals holding more than one job do not enjoy special benefits from their second job.
A worker may be dismissed from his second job in accordance with the general rules for dismissal set forth by law. He may also be dismissed if the administration replaces him with a worker not engaged at another job or if plurality is not authorized at his principal place of employment. The administration may dismiss a worker from a second job without consulting with the factory trade union committee and without granting the worker severance pay.